also called Richard of Bordeaux (reigned
was the son of the Black
Prince who died before his won father, King Edward
III. Richard became king when his grandfather died. He was only
10. So his uncle helped him
run the country.
- When he was 14, the poor people
of England were told to pay a 'poll tax'. They were very upset. They gathered together,
marched on London and
took over the Tower of
- King Richard met
the the leader of this 'Peasants'
Revolt,' Wat Tyler. He was killed but the King
promised to do what the peasants wanted. Later he went back on this.
- The King made peace with the
French and married a French princess. He was 29 and she was 6! The powerful
barons called the 'Lords Appellant' didn't like this.
- They beat Richard's followers at
the Battle of Radcot Bridge. They forced him to get rid
of his friends who helped him rule the country. They were executed.
- Eight years later, Richard had
the army help him arrest the Lords Appellant. They were executed this
- The Dukes of Hereford and
Norfolk had a big argument. They were going to have a joust to settle
it, but the King stopped it and banished them (sent them abroad).
- The Duke of Hereford was
Richard's cousin. His father died in 1399. He then came back to
England to look after his lands.
- Richard was in Ireland. Lots of
people liked the Duke of Hereford. He was able to make the King abdicate
(stop being king). The Duke became King Henry
- Richard was locked up in
Pontefract Castle in Yorkshire. He disappeared. People say King Henry had him