The Prince who wanted More
- Prince John was the 4th son of
III. He was called 'John of Gaunt' after Ghent Castle in Belgium
where he was born. He lived in the 14th century.
- John grew up at Westminster
Palace & Windsor
Castle. He married his cousin, Blanche, at Reading
Abbey. She was the daughter & heiress of the rich &
powerful Duke of Lancaster. John became the Duke when he died.
- He became a soldier. He fought
alongside his brother, the Black
Prince, in 'Castile & Leon' (Northern Spain). They tried to
help the King there get his throne back. The King died but John
married his daughter & heiress. He then wanted to be King of
Castile & Leon.
- In the Hundred Years War in
France, John lost lots of his men & lots of land. So he became
very unpopular in England.
- When Edward III died, John ran
the country badly for his nephew Richard
II. He wanted more power though. He tried to persuade people his
own son should be king instead. This made him even more unpopular.
- During the Peasants'
Revolt, the rebels attacked his home, the Savoy Palace on the
Strand. It was burnt to the ground.
- As his third wife, John married
Catherine Swynford, the sister-in-law of Geoffrey Chaucer. She had
been his girlfriend for many years. They had lots of children already.
Their surname was Beaufort.
- John died just before his son
made himself King Henry IV.
He was buried in Old St. Paul's Cathedral.