also called Edward Longshanks,
the Hammer of the Scots (reigned 1272-1307)
was the son of King Henry III. He was
one of the most successful of medieval English monarchs.
- He kept his lands in France safe
and conquered Wales, where he built lots of castles.
- He wasn't so successful in
Ireland, but he did introduce a parliament there.
- In Scotland, Edward claimed the
right to choose a new King when little Queen Margaret died without an
- The Scots didn't agree, so
Edward invaded their country. The Scottish leader, William Wallace,
fought him off for a while. he won the Battle of Sterling Bridge, but
he was eventually captured and executed. Robert the Bruce (later King
of Scots) then continued the fight.
- Edward was very mean to the
Scottish. He became known as the ‘Hammer of the Scots’.
married a Spanish princess called Eleanor of Castile. He loved her
very much. After she died in 1290, he had big stone monuments erected
at each place her body stopped on the way to be buried in London.
- The next king was his son, Edward